The station

The Station

quick links

  1. Sample Environment
  2. Detectors
  3. Data Reduction and Analysis
  4. Documentation
  5. Historical Notes


BM26B experiments cabin       Photo: Daniel Michon, ARTECHNIQUE  


BM26B is dedicated to SAXS/WAXS measurements.  The small-angle and wide-angle patterns can be acquired simultaneously using Two Pilatus photon counting area detectors

SAXS images are collected using a Pilatus 1M detector (169mm x 179mm active area) giving a time resolution down to a few msec/frame. The minimum q-value attainable with our maximum 7m sample-to-detector distance and a photon wavelength of 1.54 Å is about 0.0175 nm-1 (equivalent to a real-space d = 500 nm).  The minimum SAXS detector distance is 1.3m

WAXS patterns are collected using a 300K-W linear Pilatus detector ( 254mm x 33.5mm active area). The maximum diffraction angle is about 2Ɵ = 40 °.

If required, a SAXS/WAXS setup without gap between the two measured patterns is possible.


SAXS/WAXS setup on BM26B. The WAXS detector (300K-W) is in the foreground; SAXS (1M) detector is inside the vacuum tube 7m away

The low angle resolution of the SAXS station is dependent on the X-ray wavelength and the sample-to-detector distance.

Spatial resolution; beam size on the sample

The beam size can be tuned from few millimeters down to about 300 x 300 micrometers in standard configurations.

Post-focusing systems are available in order to achieve a smaller beam size.

sample setups.png



A heavy-duty '2+3' type diffractometer (combined '2+2' and 'z-axis') allowing horizontal and vertical sample orientation for interface and surface diffraction experiments is mounted in the same hutch.

GISAXS setup.jpg

Sample Environment

A great variety of sample environment such as heating and cooling stages and DSC is available or can be installed on the beam line. We can also offer simultaneous SAXS/WAXS and Raman spectroscopy or simultaneous SAXS/WAXS and UV spectroscopy.

Data reduction

Data are normalised for the incident beam intensity using an in-air ionization chamber and the sample transmission is measured using a pin-diode integrated in the lead beamstop. These values are usually stored in the header of the edf or hdf5/nexus data files provided to the users.



Links and Documentation

For a presentation of the SAXS basic theory, techniques and applications, you can download the book Small Angle X-ray Scattering (O. Glatter and O. Kratky Eds., Academic Press, 1982) from (Scattering Methods at the Chemistry Department, University of Graz).

For a more biologically oriented introduction one can download Structure Analysis by Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering (L. A. Feigin and D. I. Svergun, Plenum Press / Springer, 1987) from

From a practical point of view, you might want to take a look at the Beamline Manuals page. We have posted a short Users' survival manual, the full manual for the data acquisition and reduction software for collecting and pre-processing SAXS and/or WAXS data for both static and time-resolved measurements on beamline BM26B, as well as a list of basic Unix commands.

Last but not least, the Data Reduction and Analysis page provides the response of the detector in use, together with links to data reduction and analysis software.

To estimate your sample absorption click here.


SaxsWaxs Station

SaxsWaxs Station  Station


If you want to know more about DUBBLE's SAXS/WAXS station, please contact Daniel Hermida MerinoMichela Brunelli (beam line scientists).


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